The World Trade Organization Agreement on Government Procurement, or WTO GPA, is an international agreement that aims to promote transparency, fairness, and competition in government procurement activities among its member countries. The agreement was first signed in 1981, and since then, it has been updated several times to reflect the changing needs and priorities of its member countries.

The WTO GPA covers three main areas of government procurement activities, including goods, services, and construction works. It also provides a framework for the standardization of procurement processes, the establishment of transparent and non-discriminatory procurement rules, and the creation of a level playing field for both domestic and foreign suppliers.

One of the key benefits of the WTO GPA is that it provides access to government procurement opportunities for foreign suppliers. As a result, it helps to promote international trade and investment, while also ensuring that governments get the best value for their money. This is particularly important for developing countries that rely heavily on public procurement activities to support their economic development.

The WTO GPA also promotes sustainable procurement practices, which involve considering environmental, social, and economic factors when making procurement decisions. This helps to promote sustainable development and reduce the negative impact of government procurement activities on the environment and society.

To become a member of the WTO GPA, countries must undergo a rigorous review process that involves assessing their procurement laws and practices to ensure they are transparent, fair, and non-discriminatory. Once a country has become a member, they are required to comply with the agreement`s rules and regulations, which are designed to promote good governance and accountability.

In conclusion, the WTO GPA is an essential tool for promoting transparency, fairness, and competition in government procurement activities worldwide. By establishing a framework for standardizing procurement practices, promoting access to government procurement opportunities for foreign suppliers, and encouraging sustainable procurement practices, it helps to support economic development and promote international trade and investment.