The Paris Agreement, signed in 2015, is a landmark global climate accord that aims to limit global warming to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels. The agreement came into force in November 2016 and has been ratified by 189 countries.
As the world grapples with the COVID-19 pandemic, the fight against climate change has taken a backseat. In recent years, there have been concerns about the lack of progress in meeting the Paris Agreement`s goals, but there have been some positive developments in recent months.
The United States rejoins the Paris Agreement
On January 20, 2021, President Joe Biden signed an executive order to rejoin the Paris Agreement, reversing the country`s withdrawal from the accord under the Trump administration. The move was welcomed by world leaders, as the United States is one of the world`s largest emitters of greenhouse gases.
The Biden administration has set ambitious goals for the country, including reaching net-zero emissions by 2050 and setting emissions reduction targets for 2030. The administration has also pledged to invest in clean energy and to support efforts to address climate change globally.
China`s commitment to the Paris Agreement
China is the world`s largest emitter of greenhouse gases, and its commitment to reducing emissions is crucial to the success of the Paris Agreement. In September 2020, Chinese President Xi Jinping announced that the country would achieve carbon neutrality by 2060.
This commitment was welcomed by world leaders, as it is seen as a major step towards meeting the goals of the Paris Agreement. China has also set targets to peak its emissions by 2030 and to increase the share of non-fossil fuels in its primary energy consumption to around 25% by 2030.
The Climate Ambition Summit
On December 12, 2020, the fifth anniversary of the Paris Agreement, the Climate Ambition Summit was held virtually. The summit saw world leaders make new commitments to combat climate change, including pledges to reach net-zero emissions by 2050 and to increase investments in clean energy.
The summit was seen as a positive development, as it demonstrated that many countries are still committed to the goals of the Paris Agreement despite the challenges posed by the COVID-19 pandemic.
In conclusion, while there is still a long way to go to meet the goals of the Paris Agreement, there have been some positive developments in recent months. The rejoining of the United States, China`s commitment to carbon neutrality, and the Climate Ambition Summit are all signs that the fight against climate change is still a priority for many countries around the world.